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On This Day… The Knights Templar!

Written by: George Chittenden : 27 Jun 2019

It was on this day, 13th January, back in 1128, when Pope Honorius declared the Knights Templar to be an army of God, providing official papal sanction to the military order. The Templar was founded ten years earlier in 1118. The Army’s mission was to protect Christian pilgrims on their way to and from the Holy Land during the Crusades.

The organisation had strict rules. Knights were required to be of noble birth, to take strict vows of poverty, obedience and chastity. The organisation grew in wealth and power. In 1307, King Philip IV of France and Pope Clement V decided enough was enough. They ordered the arrest of the Knights Templar grand master, Jacques de Molay, on charges of heresy, sacrilege and Satanism.

On Friday 13th October 1307 hundreds of Templars were arrested before being tortured into confessing and eventually burned at the stake. It was these famous arrests on Friday 13th that lead many to believe the day to be unlucky. Pope Clement eventually dissolved the Templars in 1312.

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