About | Volunteer | Support
History Project Facebook
History Project Youtube
History Project on Instagram
sponsors
sponsors

On This Day



On This Day… The Disastrous Bombing Campaign On Romania’s Oil Refineries

Written by: George Chittenden : 23 May 2019

It was on this day, 1st August back in 1943 when the U.S Air Force carried out one of its most disastrous missions in Europe, Operation Tidal Wave. The plan was to attack nine different oil refineries around Ploiești, Romania. At the time, Romania’s oil production was virtually unrivalled in Europe, and Romania were an ally of Nazi Germany. The nine refineries targeted by Operation Tidal Wave provided 30% of Axis oil requirements, so a devastating strike on them would have had huge benefits for the Allied Forces. The strategic bombing mission involved a huge fleet of 178 B-24 bombers and 1,751 aircrew and was one of the largest commitments of American heavy bombers and crewmen up to that time.

The huge fleet took off from airfields near Benghazi, Libya, and crossed the Mediterranean, Adriatic Sea and eventually entered southwestern Romania. The raid was carried out during the day and the bombers approached at low altitude to avoid detection by German radar. The mission started badly, as one bomber crashed into the Adriatic Sea on route to Romania, which created confusion as the operation was radio silent and the crash caused ten other aircrews to land at friendly air fields. The remainder of the huge fleet pressed on and bravely carried out the mission with devastating consequences. In total 53 aircraft were destroyed and 660 aircrewmen lost their lives, because of German anti-aircraft guns and Luftwaffe attacks. Unfortunately for the Americans their costly raid had virtually no impact on oil production, and in fact after the refineries were repaired only a few weeks later they were producing more oil than before.

We promote history by...

offering free articles and videos, providing free history experiences for children in schools and on weekends. Next year we will be visiting hospitals and providing unforgettable experiences to children who really need it and give them a chance to forget their condition, their treatment and their reality. Please join others who support our free projects by giving a small donation. We can only continue our great work with your help.

appealimage

Support The History Project


Visiting Deal? Take a Pitt Stop at The Seagull  Top quality plumbing, and heating services at a very competitive price click here to find out more.Wellingtons are known for there expertly cooked food and hearty portions, here you will not go hungry. You can watch the ships sail by whilst you eat as Wellingtons is positioned right on the seafrontWe are a family owned and operated Removal and International Overseas Shipping company based in DealTransportation, storage and removal serviceFabulous out there clothing for people who like a lively and warm vibe, Funky Granny and Groovy Grandpa sections are well worth a browseDeals best-kept secret, nestled in DealGo back in time and explore DealHeritage WindCleaning and Support Services, Kents premier eco-friendly, green office cleaning and Facilities Management companyWaterfront Hotel - A Beautiful hotel and restaurant with views overlooking DealTCleaning and Support Services, Kents premier eco-friendly, green office cleaning and Facilities Management companyLocal Lads that cover the Kent area, boasting a 9.9/ 10 on checkatrade.com these lads really give their very best for a very very fair price. ( image attached) phone number could be good under construction - 07791101946Coming to Deal, Receive a Warm welcome and some of the best organic coffee in town, also great Gluten free and Vegan options hereLocal Lads that cover the Kent area, boasting a 9.9/ 10 on checkatrade.com these lads really give their very best for a very very fair price. ( image attached) phone number could be good under construction - 07791101946Support the History Project - Your face hereLocal Lads that cover the Kent area, boasting a 9.9/ 10 on checkatrade.com these lads really give their very best for a very very fair price. ( image attached) phone number could be good under construction - 07791101946Transportation, storage and removal serviceWe are a family owned and operated Removal and International Overseas Shipping company based in DealClock in the old fashioned way and roam DealHave a spare room or property you would like to make some money from? Contact Ally now  Waterfront Hotel - A Beautiful hotel and restaurant with views overlooking Deal`s historic `Downs Anchorage` and award  - winning Pier. 9 Beach Street, Deal, Kent, CT14 6HYSpecialist brokers whoOld fashioned style Tool and DIY merchant with old fashioned priced with modern-day standards. Pick up your tools and consumables and have money to spare for a pastySpecialist brokers whoTower Print and Design deliver the highest quality print on a whole range of items for a very reasonable priceACAS The Decorating Company - 0775907593068471069551643163433853202717484018153058252149669